The National ID Number or CURP (Clave Única de Registro de Población) is without doubt one of the most typical ID numbers for people in Mexico. It is similar in use to the U.S. Social Security Number, however unlike the SSN, it is algorithmically generated utilizing the person’s full authorized name and personal information. Understanding Mexican ID Number building can help reveal key details about individuals and permit analysts to easily determine false ID numbers.
Naming Conventions in Latin America
Earlier than we discuss the construction of CURPs, it is essential to talk about naming conventions in Latin America. In Spanish-speaking jurisdictions, names are typically comprised of three parts.
An individual’s given name, also known as a first name, is either a single name, corresponding to Alejandra, or more commonly a compound name with two or more names, comparable to Francisco Enrique.
The given name is adopted by the paternal surname, then the maternal surname. Paternal and material surnames could be compound, but this is less common.
For instance, let’s look at professional Mexican soccer player Rafael Márquez Álvarez. The U.S. Division of the Treasury sanctioned him in 2017 for serving as a frontman and holding belongings for long-time drug kingpin Raúl Flores Hernández, the leader of the Flores Drug Trafficking Organization.
If we break down his name into its three parts, his given name is Rafael, his paternal surname is Márquez, and his maternal surname is Álvarez.
Deciphering the Mexican National ID Number
The Mexican National ID Number (CURP) is an eighteen character alphanumeric code. It’s structured as follows:
Four letters from the individual’s authorized name: – First letter of the paternal surname – First inside vowel of the paternal surname – First letter of the maternal surname – First letter of the given name
Six numbers that are the person’s date of delivery in YYMMDD format
One letter describing the individual’s gender: “H” for male (hombre) and “M” for feminine (mujer)
Two letters which can be the two-letter state abbreviation for the state where the individual was born; if the individual was born outside of Mexico, the abbreviation “NE” will likely be used for Nacido en el Extranjero (born abroad)
Three letters from the particular person’s legal name: – First internal consonant of the paternal surname – First inside consonant of the maternal surname – First internal consonant of the given name
One character to avoid duplicate CURPs among individuals who have comparable names, places of birth, and dates of beginning; the character is a number that ranges from zero to 9 for people born earlier than 2000 and a letter from A to Z for people born since 2000
One character that may be a checksum
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